Thursday, May 2nd
Devlin Hall 101
The Boston College McMullen Museum of Art’s new exhibit “Portugal, Jesuits and Japan: Spiritual Beliefs and Earthly Goods,” underwritten in part by the Consulate General of Portugal in Boston, offers many opportunities to reflect on the nature of faith, commerce and culture, both in the sixteenth century and today. This remarkably fertile period was also quite influential in the development of modern international law, and Boston College Law School Professors Paulo Barrozo and Frank J. Garcia will address these themes in a panel on “Encounters with the Other and with Ourselves.”
Although essentially a marriage of convenience, this alliance between Faith and Commerce was to profoundly influence European and Asian history and its effects continue to the present day. To name just three examples, it was the Portuguese introduction of muskets into Japan which directly paved the way for the ascendancy of the Tokugawa Shogunate and the beginning of modern Japan; it was the Papal grant to Portugal of exclusive trade privileges in Asia in exchange for spreading the Christian Gospel that helped strengthen Portugal’s hand in its European rivalries; and it was in Asia that the Jesuits first made their mark as a global religious order, with profound consequences for the Counter-reformation and the development of the Catholic Church.
It is not an accident that all of this occurs in the context of international trade and commercial relations. Professor Frank J. Garcia explores this curious capacity of trade to both achieve self-interested commercial goals and at the same time advance larger social goals and human benefits, in a manner similar to the paradox at the heart of Adam Smith's theory of markets. By its nature trade leads to diverse and potentially mutually beneficial encounters between "Others” – whether or not the potential benefit is fully realized on both sides depends on whether we understand what makes trade “trade” (consent) and not something else more threatening of human well-being: predation, coercion or exploitation.
Taking up this theme of "encounter," Dr. Paulo Barrozo proposes, first, that there is a difference between mere "contact" and the more full "encounter." Second, he advances the claim that far in advance of contemporary globalization, the world really began shrinking out of just such encounters, that at once enrich both sides and make each party to the encounter vulnerable to the other. These mutualities of enrichment and vulnerability place us – humanity – within the same boat as to our shared destiny on the planet. It is in this sense that “encounter” is linked to the origins, development, and our best hopes for international law today.
Frank J. Garcia is Professor of Law and a Law School Fund Research Scholar at the Boston College Law School.
A Fulbright Scholar, he has lectured widely on globalization and international economic law in Europe, South America and the Asia/Pacific region. He has held various leadership positions within the American Society of International Law, and currently sits on the editorial board of the Journal of International Economic Law, where he is U.S. Book Review Editor. He is the author, most recently, of Global Justice and International Economic Law: Three Takes, which Cambridge University Press released just last month.
Paulo Barrozo is an assistant professor at Boston College Law School. His work focuses on Criminal Law, International law, and philosophy of law. He received an S.J.D. from Harvard Law School and a Ph.D. in Political Science from the Rio de Janeiro University Research Institute. Before coming to Boston College Law School in the Fall of 2009, Professor Barrozo was the first recipient of the Harvard University's Stanley Hoffman Prize for Excellence in Teaching. In addition to his academic work, Professor Barrozo is an active advocate for the rights of the neurodiverse and the unparented, appearing before international bodies such as the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the United Nations.
Event coordinator: José Cunha Rodrigues
The event is open to the public and admission is free.
Museum Location 140 Commonwealth Devlin Hall 108 Chestnut Hill, MA 02467
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Copyright "Boston Portuguese Festival 2013"
Portugal Jesuits and Japan: Spiritual Beliefs and Earthly Goods - In exhibiton until June 2, 2013.
McMullen Museum of Art - Boston College